Autism is also called autism, the full name of autism spectrum disorder (Autism Spectrum Disorder, hereinafter referred to as ASD) of neurodevelopmental disorders. It mainly damages people’s social skills, and this damage is present from birth and lasts for life, and no drugs have been found to cure autism.
In the United States, 1 in 54 children is diagnosed with ASD, and there is an unexplained increasing trend in incidence, according to surveillance data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are obvious gender differences in autism, with a male to female ratio of about 4:1.
The future of children with autism is far less pessimistic than people imagined in the past. Although they have stereotyped and repetitive behaviors, narrow interests, and social communication deficits, they also have their own advantages. Many children have good memories and have extraordinary skills in science and art. Spontaneous interests should guide and explore their strengths reasonably so that every child can shine and find the meaning of life. Even children with low-functioning autism (mentally retarded) can gradually improve their abilities as long as they are detected early and undergo scientific intervention. We cannot deny that the more important reason for autistic people becoming mentally disabled in adulthood is not the problem of the child itself, but the lack of tolerance in the social environment.
Although there is currently no specific drug treatment for autism, the symptoms of patients can be relieved through the combination of drugs, education, and behavioral intervention training. Early detection and early treatment can help children return to normal life as soon as possible.
ELITEMED tDCS therapy device
In recent years, many researchers at home and abroad have used tDCS（Transcranial direct-current stimulation） to intervene in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) or temporal lobe of ASD patients, and have achieved preliminary results.
The effect of tDCS in the treatment of ASD patients: ASD patients are mainly characterized by speech impairment, social impairment, stereotyped behavior, emotional changes, etc. Clinical studies usually focus on the above aspects to observe the therapeutic effect of tDCS.
tDCS can improve different symptoms of ASD patients. The effect is related to the improvement of abnormal brain function in ASD patients. The specific mechanism of action can be discussed from the physiological effects of tDCS, brain network, and brain functional connections.
In conclusion, tDCS, as a novel brain function regulation technology, can modulate cortical excitability and neural remodeling and is expected to be used as an important brain function regulation method to treat autistic patients in the future.